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Multiple Ingress controllers

By default, deploying multiple Ingress controllers (e.g., ingress-nginx & gce) will result in all controllers simultaneously racing to update Ingress status fields in confusing ways.

To fix this problem, use IngressClasses. The kubernetes.io/ingress.class annotation is deprecated from kubernetes v1.22+.

Using IngressClasses

If all ingress controllers respect IngressClasses (e.g. multiple instances of ingress-nginx v1.0), you can deploy two Ingress controllers by granting them control over two different IngressClasses, then selecting one of the two IngressClasses with ingressClassName.

First, ensure the --controller-class= and --ingress-class are set to something different on each ingress controller, If your additional ingress controller is to be installed in a namespace, where there is/are one/more-than-one ingress-nginx-controller(s) already installed, then you need to specify a different unique --election-id for the new instance of the controller.

# ingress-nginx Deployment/Statefulset
spec:
  template:
     spec:
       containers:
         - name: ingress-nginx-internal-controller
           args:
             - /nginx-ingress-controller
             - '--election-id=ingress-controller-leader'
             - '--controller-class=k8s.io/internal-ingress-nginx'
             - '--ingress-class=k8s.io/internal-nginx'
            ...

Then use the same value in the IngressClass:

# ingress-nginx IngressClass
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: IngressClass
metadata:
  name: internal-nginx
spec:
  controller: k8s.io/internal-ingress-nginx
  ...

And refer to that IngressClass in your Ingress:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: my-ingress
spec:
  ingressClassName: internal-nginx
  ...

or if installing with Helm:

controller:
  electionID: ingress-controller-leader
  ingressClassResource:
    name: internal-nginx  # default: nginx
    enabled: true
    default: false
    controllerValue: "k8s.io/internal-ingress-nginx"  # default: k8s.io/ingress-nginx

Important

When running multiple ingress-nginx controllers, it will only process an unset class annotation if one of the controllers uses the default --controller-class value (see IsValid method in internal/ingress/annotations/class/main.go), otherwise the class annotation becomes required.

If --controller-class is set to the default value of k8s.io/ingress-nginx, the controller will monitor Ingresses with no class annotation and Ingresses with annotation class set to nginx. Use a non-default value for --controller-class, to ensure that the controller only satisfied the specific class of Ingresses.

Using the kubernetes.io/ingress.class annotation (in deprecation)

If you're running multiple ingress controllers where one or more do not support IngressClasses, you must specify the annotation kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx" in all ingresses that you would like ingress-nginx to claim.

For instance,

metadata:
  name: foo
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "gce"

will target the GCE controller, forcing the Ingress-NGINX controller to ignore it, while an annotation like:

metadata:
  name: foo
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx"

will target the Ingress-NGINX controller, forcing the GCE controller to ignore it.

You can change the value "nginx" to something else by setting the --ingress-class flag:

spec:
  template:
     spec:
       containers:
         - name: ingress-nginx-internal-controller
           args:
             - /nginx-ingress-controller
             - --ingress-class=internal-nginx

then setting the corresponding kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "internal-nginx" annotation on your Ingresses.

To reiterate, setting the annotation to any value which does not match a valid ingress class will force the NGINX Ingress controller to ignore your Ingress. If you are only running a single NGINX ingress controller, this can be achieved by setting the annotation to any value except "nginx" or an empty string.

Do this if you wish to use one of the other Ingress controllers at the same time as the NGINX controller.