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Exposing TCP and UDP services ΒΆ

Ingress does not support TCP or UDP services. For this reason this Ingress controller uses the flags --tcp-services-configmap and --udp-services-configmap to point to an existing config map where the key is the external port to use and the value indicates the service to expose using the format: <namespace/service name>:<service port>:[PROXY]:[PROXY]

It is also possible to use a number or the name of the port. The two last fields are optional. Adding PROXY in either or both of the two last fields we can use Proxy Protocol decoding (listen) and/or encoding (proxy_pass) in a TCP service. The first PROXY controls the decode of the proxy protocol and the second PROXY controls the encoding using proxy protocol. This allows an incoming connection to be decoded or an outgoing connection to be encoded. It is also possible to arbitrate between two different proxies by turning on the decode and encode on a TCP service.

The next example shows how to expose the service example-go running in the namespace default in the port 8080 using the port 9000

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: tcp-services
  namespace: ingress-nginx
data:
  9000: "default/example-go:8080"

Since 1.9.13 NGINX provides UDP Load Balancing. The next example shows how to expose the service kube-dns running in the namespace kube-system in the port 53 using the port 53

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: udp-services
  namespace: ingress-nginx
data:
  53: "kube-system/kube-dns:53"

If TCP/UDP proxy support is used, then those ports need to be exposed in the Service defined for the Ingress.

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: ingress-nginx
  namespace: ingress-nginx
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
    app.kubernetes.io/part-of: ingress-nginx
spec:
  type: LoadBalancer
  ports:
    - name: http
      port: 80
      targetPort: 80
      protocol: TCP
    - name: https
      port: 443
      targetPort: 443
      protocol: TCP
    - name: proxied-tcp-9000
      port: 9000
      targetPort: 9000
      protocol: TCP
  selector:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
    app.kubernetes.io/part-of: ingress-nginx