Basic usage - host based routing ¶
ingress-nginx can be used for many use cases, inside various cloud provider and supports a lot of configurations. In this section you can find a common usage scenario where a single load balancer powered by ingress-nginx will route traffic to 2 different HTTP backend services based on the host name.
First of all follow the instructions to install ingress-nginx. Then imagine that you need to expose 2 HTTP services already installed:
myServiceB. Let's say that you want to expose the first at
myServiceA.foo.org and the second at
myServiceB.foo.org. One possible solution is to create two ingress resources:
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1 kind: Ingress metadata: name: ingress-myservicea annotations: # use the shared ingress-nginx kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx" spec: rules: - host: myservicea.foo.org http: paths: - path: / backend: serviceName: myservicea servicePort: 80 --- apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1beta1 kind: Ingress metadata: name: ingress-myserviceb annotations: # use the shared ingress-nginx kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx" spec: rules: - host: myserviceb.foo.org http: paths: - path: / backend: serviceName: myserviceb servicePort: 80
When you apply this yaml, 2 ingress resources will be created managed by the ingress-nginx instance. Nginx is configured to automatically discover all ingress with the
kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx" annotation. Please note that the ingress resource should be placed inside the same namespace of the backend resource.
On many cloud providers ingress-nginx will also create the corresponding Load Balancer resource. All you have to do is get the external IP and add a DNS
A record inside your DNS provider that point myServiceA.foo.org and myServiceB.foo.org to the nginx external IP. Get the external IP by running:
kubectl get services -n ingress-nginx