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Sticky Session

This example demonstrates how to achieve session affinity using cookies

Deployment

Session stickiness is achieved through 3 annotations on the Ingress, as shown in the example.

Name Description Values
nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/affinity Sets the affinity type string (in NGINX only cookie is possible
nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/session-cookie-name Name of the cookie that will be used string (default to INGRESSCOOKIE)
nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/session-cookie-hash Type of hash that will be used in cookie value sha1/md5/index

You can create the ingress to test this

kubectl create -f ingress.yaml

Validation

You can confirm that the Ingress works.

$ kubectl describe ing nginx-test
Name:           nginx-test
Namespace:      default
Address:        
Default backend:    default-http-backend:80 (10.180.0.4:8080,10.240.0.2:8080)
Rules:
  Host                          Path    Backends
  ----                          ----    --------
  stickyingress.example.com     
                                /        nginx-service:80 (<none>)
Annotations:
  affinity: cookie
  session-cookie-hash:      sha1
  session-cookie-name:      INGRESSCOOKIE
Events:
  FirstSeen LastSeen    Count   From                SubObjectPath   Type        Reason  Message
  --------- --------    -----   ----                -------------   --------    ------  -------
  7s        7s      1   {nginx-ingress-controller }         Normal      CREATE  default/nginx-test


$ curl -I http://stickyingress.example.com
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.11.9
Date: Fri, 10 Feb 2017 14:11:12 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 612
Connection: keep-alive
Set-Cookie: INGRESSCOOKIE=a9907b79b248140b56bb13723f72b67697baac3d; Path=/; HttpOnly
Last-Modified: Tue, 24 Jan 2017 14:02:19 GMT
ETag: "58875e6b-264"
Accept-Ranges: bytes

In the example above, you can see a line containing the 'Set-Cookie: INGRESSCOOKIE' setting the right defined stickiness cookie. This cookie is created by NGINX containing the hash of the used upstream in that request. If the user changes this cookie, NGINX creates a new one and redirect the user to another upstream.

If the backend pool grows up NGINX will keep sending the requests through the same server of the first request, even if it's overloaded.

When the backend server is removed, the requests are then re-routed to another upstream server and NGINX creates a new cookie, as the previous hash became invalid.

When you have more than one Ingress Object pointing to the same Service, but one containing affinity configuration and other don't, the first created Ingress will be used. This means that you can face the situation that you've configured Session Affinity in one Ingress and it doesn't reflects in NGINX configuration, because there is another Ingress Object pointing to the same service that doesn't configure this.